lundi 14 mars 2016

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SHERLOCK HOLMES
ENGLISH SPORT

 

 

Rugby Football

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Rugby football was created in the city of Rugby in the 1830’s . The rugby football is a sport that people play around the world. It is the world’s first oval ball football and is usually just called “Rugby”. It’s the most popular sport in New Zealand, Wales, Samoa.... Rugby football is played on a field by two teams of 15 people. The objective of the game is to obtain more points than the opposing team within 80 minutes of playing time. Points are gained through scoring tries or kicking goals. The rugby world cup is a championship of rugby union teams from countries all over the world. The Rugby World Cup is held every four years.[Kada D ; Vincent H; Aymeric A; David B; Victor L and Julien N]

 

 

RUGBY WORLD CUP 2015

The 2015 Rugby World Cup held in England and Wales from 18 September to 31 October 2015. the games are played in England, with the exception of some games organized at the Millennium Stadium in Cardiff. New Zealand won the competition.

 

This is the first time in the history of the Rugby World Cup that England team did not pass the first round and the host nation did not reach the knockout phase.
 
 
 
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Twickenham Stadium

 

The Twickenham stadium was built in 1908 and was opened in October the second 1909. But it was renewed several times in 1921, 1927, 1932, 1992 to 1995, 2005 to 2006. The Nickname of the stadium is The Cabbage Patch, Twickers, Headquarters and It’s located in Rugby Road Twickenham, Middlesex , TW1 1DZ.

It was equipped by natural lawn with a capacity of 82 000 people with an affluence record of 82 000 people in November the twenty-seventh 2010 for the match England-South Africa. It has a dimension of 105 X 70m.

The stadium was the seat of the English federation of the rugby XV. It was used by the England team XV and VII but It was also used for concerts like The Eagles, Rolling stones, Iron Maiden, U2, Police and for the two Born This Way Ball of Lady Gaga in September the eighth and the ninth 2012. It was also the seat of a museum which redraws all the history of the rugby and we can see a shirt of the first match in 1871, England-Scotland.

 

Dimension : 105 X 70m

Natural lawn

Capacity : 82 000

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cricket

Image illustrative de l'article Cricket

Cricket is a team sport of ball and bat between two teams usually composed of eleven players each. It is usually played on an oval field, grass, the center of which is a zone twenty meters in length, each end of which there is a wooden structure, the wicket. A meeting is divided into several rounds. In each, one team tries to score points, and simultaneously has two batsmen on the field, each to one of the kiosks. One point is scored for each particular trade position of the two players when the ball is in play. Their eleven opponents are also present on the playing area. The ball is thrown by one of them towards the window one of the two beaters. The objective of the second team is to prevent the first mark, mainly by eliminating the opposing batsmen, for example by destroying the window with the ball on the run.

Cricket Match:

top, from left to right: inactive drummer, who is awaiting an arbitrator, the launcher.

bottom, from left to right: a fielder, the wicketkeeper, active mixer, which faces the throw.

More than a hundred countries are affiliated to the International Cricket Council, which organizes notably the Cricket World Cup. Throughout its history, it is in the nations of the former British Empire that cricket is the most popular.[Julien P ; Quentin C; Lucas L; Julien H; Alexis M and Julien M]

 

 

Traditional British Sports

 

Association Football :

They play in Barclays first league. The 3 best teams are Chelsea, Manchester United and Arsenal. There are a  lots of hooligans in England, they are here only to fight with the fans of other teams.

Although there have been games recorded around the world involving balls being kicked around a field, the modern rules of Association Football, aka soccer, can be traced back to mid-19th century England. By standardising the many different rules that existed at that time, the great public schools of England could at last compete with each other on a fair and level playing field. The history of football being played in England dates back many centuries. Medieval or mob football was often played between neighbouring towns and villages, with a mass of players from opposing teams clashing to deliver an inflated pigs bladder from one end of town to the other. Kicking or punching the bladder, or ball, was permitted, as was doing the same to your opponents …these medieval matches were chaotic and had very few rules.

Mob football can still be seen throughout England today, generally played on Shrove Tuesday, Scoring the Hales takes place each year at Alnwick, Northumberland, as does Royal Shrovetide Football at Ashbourne, Derbyshire, with other Shrove Tuesday Football Games being played at Atherstone, Warwickshire and Corfe Castle in Dorset, to name but a few.

Golf :

"Golf is an exercise which is much used by a gentleman in Scotland......A man would live 10 years the longer for using this exercise once or twice a week."

Dr. Benjamin Rush (1745 - 1813) »

Golf originated from a game played on the eastern coast of Scotland, in an area close to the royal capital of Edinburgh. In those early days players would attempt to hit a pebble over sand dunes and around tracks using a bent stick or club. During the 15th century, Scotland prepared to defend itself, yet again, against an invasion by the ‘Auld Enemy’. The nation's enthusiastic pursuit of golf however, led many to neglect their military training, so much so that the Scottish parliament of King James II banned the sport in 1457

Polo :

Polo is perhaps the oldest team sport, although the exact origins of the game are unknown.  It was probably first played by nomadic warriors over two thousand years ago but the first recorded tournament was in 600 B.C. (between the Turkomans and the Persians - the Turkomans were victorious).  The name is supposed to have originated from the Tibetan “pholo” meaning “ball” or “ballgame”.  It is since these origins in Persia that the game has often been associated with the rich and noble of society; the game was played by Kings, Princes and Queens in Persia.  Polo has also been linked to the middle and upper classes in the more recent British past, especially with its origins in Britain being with the militia.  This is also perhaps due to it being, as a game played on horseback and requiring at least two horses per game, an expensive hobby to maintain.

Played on horse back, in the Middle Ages it was used in the training of cavalry across the East (from Japan to Constantinople, and was played almost as a miniature battle.  It first became known to western peoples via British tea-planters in Manipur (between Burma and India) and it spread to Malta with soldiers and naval officers.  In 1869, the first game in Britain (of “hockey on horseback” as it was referred to at first) was organised on Hounslow Heath by officers stationed at Aldershot, one of whom had read about the game in a magazine.

[Enzo B; Florent T; Arnaud G; Baptiste H; Romel H; Romain T]

 
 

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