Rugby football was
created in the city of Rugby in the 1830’s . The rugby football
is a sport that people play around the world. It is the world’s
first oval ball
football and is usually just called “Rugby”. It’s the most
popular sport in New Zealand, Wales, Samoa.... Rugby football is
played on a field by two teams of 15 people. The objective of
the game is to obtain more points than the opposing team within
80 minutes of playing time. Points are gained through scoring
tries or kicking goals. The rugby world cup is a championship of
rugby union teams from countries all over the world. The Rugby
World Cup is held every four years.[Kada
D ; Vincent H; Aymeric A; David B; Victor L and Julien N]
WORLD CUP 2015
The 2015 Rugby World Cup
held in England and Wales from 18 September to 31 October 2015. the
games are played in England, with the exception of some games organized
at the Millennium Stadium in Cardiff. New Zealand won the competition.
This is the first time in the history of the Rugby World Cup that England team did not pass the first round and the host nation did not reach the knockout phase.
stadium was built in 1908 and was opened in October the second 1909. But
it was renewed several times in 1921, 1927, 1932, 1992 to 1995, 2005 to
2006. The Nickname of the stadium is The Cabbage Patch, Twickers,
Headquarters and It’s located in Rugby Road Twickenham, Middlesex , TW1
It was equipped by
natural lawn with a capacity of 82 000 people with an affluence record of
82 000 people in November the twenty-seventh 2010 for the match
England-South Africa. It has a dimension of 105 X 70m.
The stadium was the
seat of the English federation of the rugby XV. It was used by the
England team XV and VII but It was also used for concerts like The
Eagles, Rolling stones, Iron Maiden, U2, Police and for the two Born
This Way Ball of Lady Gaga in September the eighth and the ninth 2012.
It was also the seat of a museum which redraws all the history of the
rugby and we can see a shirt of the first match in 1871,
Dimension : 105 X 70m
Capacity : 82 000
Cricket is a team
sport of ball and bat between two teams usually composed of eleven
players each. It is usually played on an oval field, grass, the center
of which is a zone twenty meters in length, each end of which there is a
wooden structure, the wicket. A meeting is divided into several rounds.
In each, one team tries to score points, and simultaneously has two
batsmen on the field, each to one of the kiosks. One point is scored for
each particular trade position of the two players when the ball is in
play. Their eleven opponents are also present on the playing area. The
ball is thrown by one of them towards the window one of the two beaters.
The objective of the second team is to prevent the first mark, mainly by
eliminating the opposing batsmen, for example by destroying the window
with the ball on the run.
top, from left to right:
inactive drummer, who is awaiting an arbitrator, the launcher.
bottom, from left to right: a
fielder, the wicketkeeper, active mixer, which faces the throw.
More than a hundred countries
are affiliated to the International Cricket Council, which organizes
notably the Cricket World Cup. Throughout its history, it is in the
nations of the former British Empire that cricket is the most popular.[Julien
P ; Quentin C; Lucas L; Julien H; Alexis M and Julien M]
Traditional British Sports
They play in
Barclays first league. The 3 best teams are Chelsea, Manchester
United and Arsenal. There are a lots of hooligans in England,
they are here only to fight with the fans of other teams.
Although there have
been games recorded around the world involving balls being
kicked around a field, the modern rules of Association Football,
aka soccer, can be traced back to mid-19th century England. By
standardising the many different rules that existed at that
time, the great public schools of England could at last compete
with each other on a fair and level playing field. The history
of football being played in England dates back many centuries.
Medieval or mob football was often played between neighbouring
towns and villages, with a mass of players from opposing teams
clashing to deliver an inflated pigs bladder from one end of
town to the other. Kicking or punching the bladder, or ball, was
permitted, as was doing the same to your opponents …these
medieval matches were chaotic and had very few rules.
Mob football can
still be seen throughout England today, generally played on
Shrove Tuesday, Scoring the Hales takes place each year at
Alnwick, Northumberland, as does Royal Shrovetide Football at
Ashbourne, Derbyshire, with other Shrove Tuesday Football Games
being played at Atherstone, Warwickshire and Corfe Castle in
Dorset, to name but a few.
"Golf is an
exercise which is much used by a gentleman in Scotland......A
man would live 10 years the longer for using this exercise once
or twice a week."
Dr. Benjamin Rush
(1745 - 1813) »
from a game played on the eastern coast of Scotland, in an area
close to the royal capital of Edinburgh. In those early days
players would attempt to hit a pebble over sand dunes and around
tracks using a bent stick or club. During the 15th century,
Scotland prepared to defend itself, yet again, against an
invasion by the ‘Auld Enemy’. The nation's enthusiastic pursuit
of golf however, led many to neglect their military training, so
much so that the Scottish parliament of King James II banned the
sport in 1457
Polo is perhaps the oldest team sport, although the exact
origins of the game are unknown. It was probably first played
by nomadic warriors over two thousand years ago but the first
recorded tournament was in 600 B.C. (between the Turkomans and
the Persians - the Turkomans were victorious). The name is
supposed to have originated from the Tibetan “pholo” meaning
“ball” or “ballgame”. It is since these origins in Persia that
the game has often been associated with the rich and noble of
society; the game was played by Kings, Princes and Queens in
Persia. Polo has also been linked to the middle and upper
classes in the more recent British past, especially with its
origins in Britain being with the militia. This is also perhaps
due to it being, as a game played on horseback and requiring at
least two horses per game, an expensive hobby to maintain.
Played on horse back, in the Middle Ages it was used in the
training of cavalry across the East (from Japan to
Constantinople, and was played almost as a miniature battle. It
first became known to western peoples via British tea-planters
in Manipur (between Burma and India) and it spread to Malta with
soldiers and naval officers. In 1869, the first game in Britain
(of “hockey on horseback” as it was referred to at first) was
organised on Hounslow Heath by officers stationed at Aldershot,
one of whom had read about the game in a magazine.
B; Florent T; Arnaud G; Baptiste H; Romel H; Romain T]