Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (1859 – 1930)


Arthur Conan Doyle was born in 22 May 1859 in Edinburgh into a prosperous Irish family. He trained as a doctor and he worked as a surgeon on a whaling boat. He was settled in Portsmouth on the English south coast and divided his time between medicine and writing. Conan Doyle is most famous as the inventor of Sherlock Holmes but he had a varied carrier as a writer, journalist and public figure.

The first appearance of Sherlock Holmes are in “a study in scarlet” published in “Beeton’s Christmas Annual” in 1887.

This success encouraged Conan Doyle to write more stories to involve Holmes. Conan Doyle died of a heart attack on 7 July 1930.[Kada D ; Vincent H; Aymeric A; David B; Victor L and Julien N]





Joseph Bell (1837 - 1911)


Joseph Bell was born in December the second, 1837 in Edinburgh and he died in 4 October 1911 at the age of 73 years old. He was a Scottish Doctor.

He became a renowned lecturer of the medical university in Edinburgh, Scotland. He wrote many scientific books and served even Queen Victoria. He was an excellent surgeon, but nowadays he is famous for being the model of Conan Doyle’s character, the world’s most well-know detective, Sherlock Holmes.

He was the great-grandchild of forensic surgeon Benjamin Bell, who had been regarded as the first surgeon, to practice his profession on a scientific level. He was an acknowledged lecturer throughout Europe because of his efforts in developing surgery and crime solving. He practised this daily by maiking diagnosis. His descent acquired his abilities. So they successively developed their observing skills by sedulous practice.



The Film


Sherlock Holmes, fictional character invented by Arthur Conan Doyle, was the subject of many adaptations filmed, in cinema and on television.

The exact number of productions with Sherlock Holmes on the screen is difficult to establish and can only be estimated, mainly because of the vagueness that exists on the period of silent film where some now lost production can not be considered "holmésiennes" for sure. The website IMDb references about 275 films and series where the character of Sherlock Holmes is present on the screen between 1900 and 2013.

Among the interpretations of the detective of which has marked the spirits are including the series of 14 films with Basil Rathbone in the title role and the televised series Sherlock Holmes produced from 1984 to 1994 by Granada Television with Jeremy Brett in the role -title. Sherlock started in 2010 series, with Benedict Cumberbatch in the title role, Seems Meet UN popular success comparable to the series "Jeremy Brett" transposing the character of Sherlock Holmes in the modern world.[Julien P ; Quentin C; Lucas L; Julien H; Alexis M and Julien M]


Holmes is a literary character created from scratch. Released in 1887, "a study in scarlet" is the first novel in which the Scottish writer Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, gives life to the character of Sherlock Holmes. Man of letters, but also doctor Conan Doyle would likely inspired by a teacher he had known during his medical studies around 1877 . The surgeon Joseph Bell was known as an energetic, keen observer of human behaviour. He was a master in the art of deduction and knew from little things deduct the profession of a man and draw conclusions about his character source in English: The chronicles of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. Conan Doyle was fascinated by this unusual teacher whose methods of observation and investigation were, for the time, revolutionary.

Dr. John H. Watson is a fictional character created by Arthur Conan Doyle in his Sherlock Holmes saga. He is an English M. D. which shared lodgings with the consulting detective Sherlock Holmes and was his biographer and friend.




The Quiz of Sherlock Holmes

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